France officially the French Republic is a sovereign state comprising territory in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European part of France called Metropolitan France, extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Paris is the largest city and capital .French is the official language
France is one of the only three countries with (Morocco and Spain) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. France has four broad climate zones.
An oceanic climate in the west andthe northwest (Warm summers and Cool winters)
A semi – continental climate in the northeast (Hot Summers and cold winters)
A Mediterranean climate in the south and southeast ( Hot Summers and mild winters)
A mountain climate in the Alps (Mild Summers and cold winters)
Except in the south which has generally dry summers, rain is evenly dispersed throughout the year in the rest of the country.
The French educational system is highly centralized and organized with many subdivisions, Primary, Secondary and higher education .The Higher education system in France is high quality, effective and easily accessible. The education standards are excellent in all the areas of specialization.
Higher Education in France is organized in three levels which correspond to those of other European countries.
Higher Education in France is divided between Public Universities, Grandes Ecoles and specialized schools and institutes.Grandes Ecoles admit the graduates of the level Baccalaureate + 2 years of validated study whereas universities admit all graduates of Baccalaureate. Universities are public and open to all, with stage exams throughout the duration of the courses. They offer various types of short, long and vocational courses like law, economics, literature, arts, health etc. Grandes Ecoles are generally focused on one subject area such as business or Engineering, have a moderate size and are often quite selective in their admission of students. They have constant collaboration with firms and have placements and internships worldwide. In Specialized Schools and institutes they offer training in specific areas such as Arts, Paramedical services, Journalism, Radio, Television and more. Students are also awarded specific diplomas related to their field.
Another original feature of the French higher education system is that a large share of scientific research is carried out by research establishments such as CNRS or INSERM which are not formally part of the universities, however in most cases the research units of those established are located inside universities and they jointly operate by the research establishment and the university. France is the 4th most research active country in the world after the US, Japan and Germany.